Since the late 18th century, roulette has been a staple for the casino industry. Ever popular with gamblers who wish to try their luck in random numbers, roulette (which means “little wheel” in French) has an intrinsic house edge. With the rise of online casinos, the outcomes for roulette are determined by random number generators.
The object of roulette is to select the winning number or range of numbers, the winning color, or whether the number is even or odd. There are two basic types of roulette games:
• European roulette – The wheel comprises of a total of 37 numbers, from 0 to 36; and
• American roulette – The wheel has 38 numbers total, from 0 to 36 with the addition of 00.
By adding the double zero in American roulette, the casino is given an extra advantage. In addition to the wheel, the betting layout is composed of individual numbers, a range of numbers (for example, the first 12 numbers), even and odd, as well as red and black. Even numbers are colored in black while odd numbers are red.
Roulette offers several ways to place your bets. Inside betting requires selecting the individual numbers that form the main table layout:
• Straight or single betting is selecting a number by putting a chip on the middle of the numbered square;
• Split betting is accomplished by placing a chip on the line between two adjoining numbered squares, vertically or horizontally;
• Street bets allow for the selection of the three consecutive numbers in the horizontal line, and are made by placing a chip on the edge of the line beside the last number;
• Corner or square betting means selecting four numbers in a square formation. The chip is put on center, straddling the lines of all four numbers;
• Six line or double street bets is like placing a regular street bet but with two horizontal rows. Chips are placed between the upper and lower line;
• Basket bets allows players to bet on three numbers including single or double zeros. Bets are placed by allowing the chip to straddle the 0, 1, 2 or 00 2, 3 for instance; and
• Top line bets give the player the option of betting on 0, 00, 1, 2, and 3. Chips are placed on the corner of 00 and 3.
Outside bets, on the other hand, offer these betting choices:
• 1 to 18 is a bet placed on this number range while 19 to 36 is a bet on the higher range;
• Red or black spaces are bets based on the color of the winning number;
• Even or odd squares are bets based on the whether the winning number is even or odd;
• Dozen bets can be made on twelve consecutive numbers from 1-12, 13-24, and 25-36; and
• Column bets allow bets to be placed on twelve non-consecutive numbers in the vertical line. For example, the first vertical row includes 1, 4, 7, 10, 13, 16, 19, 22, 25, 28, 31, and 34.
Now that we’ve covered the basics of layout, gameplay, and betting options, you’re probably wondering how to win at roulette. Although the house usually wins, this has not stopped roulette enthusiasts from developing roulette strategies. There are dozens of strategies available with varying levels of success. Remember that there are risks involved with any of these techniques. There are no best numbers to choose in roulette, but the below techniques use even chance bets: Red / Black, Odd / Even, and 1-18 / 19-36 bets.
The Martingale Betting System is a probability theory that was developed in the 18th century. The basic concept is to continually increase your betting amount after a loss. By doubling your bet every time, the first win will not only recover the losses but will also provide a positive amount equal to your first bet. The advantage to using the Martingale strategy is it will likely lengthen your overall run for short periods; even if you are losing more times than you are winning, you will still be in the black. The disadvantage, however, is you may find your pool of money runs out before a win. Or, you reach the table limits and are no longer able to double your bet.
The D’Alembert System was devised by a mathematician and is similar to the Martingale. The aim is to reduce your losses via lesser betting increases. With an initial bet of $1, for example, a loss would raise the next bet to $2. Once a win is achieved, the bet would drop back down to $1. The D’Alembert System is considered a safer technique that doesn’t carry the same risks as the Martingale. The downside is this one isn’t for the high rollers and cannot be relied on for a lengthy session.
Another technique is the Fibonacci Strategy which involves combining numbers together to make a sequence: 1 – 1 – 2 – 3 – 5 – 8 – 13 – 21 – 34…and so on. The idea is to place your bets based on the concept of the sequence until you win. To not exhaust your bank roll, once you made a winning $34 bet (using the above example) you would move the sequence back two numbers to $13, repeating this reversal after each win until you are back to $1.
Lastly, the Labouchere Strategy is more complicated than Martingale, Fibbonaci, and D’Alembert strategies. Before playing, you would construct a sequence based on the total amount of money you would be betting with. To keep the example simple, we’ll use 1 – 1 – 1 – 1 – 1 – 1 – 1. Adding together the numbers on the right and left side would give us a bet of $2. If that bet was lost, you would add the number two to the sequence: 1 – 1 – 1 – 1 – 1 – 1 – 1 – 2. The next bet would add 1 + 2, making $3. If this bet wins, you would remove one number from each side of the line: 1 – 1 – 1 – 1 – 1 – 1. Once your line is reduced to none, you can start another sequence. If you have a nasty losing streak, the drawback is your Labouchere line could become unmanageably long.
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